SERIES 4 — The 1st EPISTLE of JOHN — LESSON 3 1 JOHN 2:1-14

See links for more information on Inductive Bible Study method or on using this study with a small group.

OBSERVATION – What does the text say?

  1. Highlight the key words. Form groupings of ideas.
  2. Underline the metaphors and images used.
  3. Indicate the contrasts.  (You might use different colors or make parallel lists.)
  4. Mark the connecting words and prepositions.  Notice what they introduce or connect.
  5. Connect the repetitions of phrases, especially the echoing in vs. 12-14 of previous themes. (Parts of this section introduce ideas to be developed in the verses 15+)

INTERPRETATION – What did the text mean to the original listeners?

  1. Divide the passage into paragraphs with subtitles.
  2. Look up in a dictionary the meaning of several key words:  advocate, atone.  Then paraphrase the first 2 verses.
  3. Using the dictionary, reflect on the definition intended for the word know in vs. 3-6.
  4. Trace the progression of ideas in vs. 3-8. Where does the section climax?
  5. Ponder the significance the connecting word and at the start of vs.3.  (Note the legal language of the first 2 verses and the relational language of the following section.)
  6. Mull over the author’s images and multiple contrasts of light and darkness.
  7. Summarize the main emphasis of the author in the poetic repetitions of vs.12-14?

APPLICATION – How does this text apply to our lives?

  1. Since the author begins by declaring this is written so that you will not sin, what verse or phrase most indicates to you a necessary action so that you don’t sin?
  2. What are the words of hope or encouragement for the church in this section?
  3. How does this passage call you to respond?  In prayer – With some action – Through a song – By memorizing a verse – Through sharing an insight…

Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

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